The Curiosity has taken the first image of an asteroid taken from the surface of the Red Planet.
You will notice the asteroids and stars are streaks thanks to the 12 second exposure and the planetary rotation. The Martian rotates about its axis in 24.6 hours, only slightly longer than it does here on Earth.
The other object is the little moon Deimos. The image was taken on Sol 606 or 20 April 2014 (PDT).
Here is the non-annotated version. The moon Deimos appears larger than it normally would because brightness bloating.
Here’s part of NASA’s description
The Mast Camera (Mastcam) on NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover has captured the first image of an asteroid taken from the surface of Mars. The night-sky image actually includes two asteroids: Ceres and Vesta, plus one of Mars’ two moons, Deimos, which may have been an asteroid before being captured into orbit around Mars. The image was taken after nightfall on the 606th Martian day, or sol, of Curiosity’s work on Mars (April 20, 2014, PDT). In other camera pointings the same night, the Mastcam also imaged Mars’ larger moon, Phobos, plus the planets Jupiter and Saturn.
I’m looking for the image with the planets.
In the meantime here’s the full article from NASA.