Part of the LADEE mission is the Lunar Laser Communication Demonstration (LLCD). This involves of communicating with the LADEE spacecraft currently in orbit around the moon from a ground station by laser beam! I am amazed at the exquisite aiming and tracking accuracy necessary to pull it off successfully in record setting fashion.
The record download rate was 622 Mbps and an error free upload rate of 20 Mbps from the New Mexico ground station. This is the first step down a long road and who knows where it might lead:
From the NASA press release:
“LLCD is the first step on our roadmap toward building the next generation of space communication capability,” said Badri Younes, NASA’s deputy associate administrator for space communications and navigation (SCaN) in Washington. “We are encouraged by the results of the demonstration to this point, and we are confident we are on the right path to introduce this new capability into operational service soon.”