Category Archives: Mars Rovers

A Look Around Curiosity

Here’s a look around Curiosity, or the Mars Science Laboratory on Mars.  For two minutes you can look around the scene by using the arrows at the top left of the video or just “clicking and dragging” your way around.  Running out of time is no problem just replay the video (or whatever you would call this).

The scene is from a location called Murray Buttes and most of the features are labeled.  The rover is not visible in this MastCam product.

For scale The dark, flat-topped mesa seen to the left of the rover’s arm is about 50 feet (about 15 meters) high and, near the top, about 200 feet (about 60 meters) wide according to NASA.

I was looking at the panorama and thought how completely quiet it must be up there and what it would sound like to try and get an echo off the buttes. The echo time lag of course depends on the speed of sound on Mars. Looking around on the web quickly reveals the speed of sound on Mars is about 244.4 m/s or 801.3 ft/s compared to 340 m/sec or 1115 ft/sec on Earth. So the echo would take nearly 25 percent longer to return on Mars than on Earth.

Video

Speed of sound on Mars
Speed of sound on Earth

Mission Extended

Four years down and now there are two more to go for the Mars Science Laboratory or Curiosity. The rover looks to be in rather good condition, the wheels are a bit worn but not seeming to be getting worse, so who knows we could have Curiosity around for quite a while.

Video

Getting Sandy

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The MSL rover Curiosity is showing it is getting sand covered, in fact there is a pretty good build up on some of the surfaces. Seems like not so long ago I commented that the dust was much less than I thought it could be.

From NASA’s website:

This self-portrait of NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover shows the vehicle at “Namib Dune,” where the rover’s activities included scuffing into the dune with a wheel and scooping samples of sand for laboratory analysis.

The scene combines 57 images taken on Jan. 19, 2016, during the 1,228th Martian day, or sol, of Curiosity’s work on Mars. The camera used for this is the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) at the end of the rover’s robotic arm.

Namib Dune is part of the dark-sand “Bagnold Dune Field” along the northwestern flank of Mount Sharp. Images taken from orbit have shown that dunes in the Bagnold field move as much as about 3 feet (1 meter) per Earth year.

The location of Namib Dune is show on a map of Curiosity’s route at http://mars.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/images/?ImageID=7640. The relationship of Bagnold Dune Field to the lower portion of Mount Sharp is shown in a map at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA16064.)

The view does not include the rover’s arm. Wrist motions and turret rotations on the arm allowed MAHLI to acquire the mosaic’s component images. The arm was positioned out of the shot in the images, or portions of images, that were used in this mosaic. This process was used previously in acquiring and assembling Curiosity self-portraits taken at sample-collection sites, including “Rocknest” (http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA16468), “Windjana” (http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA18390) and “Buckskin” (http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA19807).

For scale, the rover’s wheels are 20 inches (50 centimeters) in diameter and about 16 inches (40 centimeters) wide.

MAHLI was built by Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Science Laboratory Project for the NASA Science Mission Directorate, Washington. JPL designed and built the project’s Curiosity rover.

More information about Curiosity is online at http://www.nasa.gov/msl and http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

 

Curious Wheels Update

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A few days ago I did a short post on the status of Curiosity’s wheels and yesterday the mission team released their assessment:

The team operating NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover uses the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on the rover’s arm to check the condition of the wheels at routine intervals. This image of Curiosity’s left-middle and left-rear wheels is part of an inspection set taken on April 18, 2016, during the 1,315th Martian day, or sol, of the rover’s work on Mars.

Holes and tears in the wheels worsened significantly during 2013 as Curiosity was crossing terrain studded with sharp rocks on its route from near its 2012 landing site to the base of Mount Sharp. Team members are keeping a close eye for when any of the zig-zag shaped treads, call grousers, begin to break. Longevity testing with identical wheels on Earth indicates that when three grousers on a given wheel have broken, that wheel has reached about 60 percent of its useful mileage. Since Curiosity’s current odometry of 7.9 miles (12.7 kilometers) is about 60 percent of the amount needed for reaching all the geological layers planned in advance as the mission’s science destinations, and no grousers have yet broken, the accumulating damage to wheels is not expected to prevent the rover from reaching those destinations on Mount Sharp.

As with other images from Curiosity’s cameras, all of the wheel-inspection exposures are available in the raw images collections at http://mars.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/raw/. The Sol 1315 MAHLI raw images are at http://mars.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/raw/?s=1315&camera=MAHLI. The rover’s location during this wheel check was on “Naukluft Plateau” on lower Mount Sharp.

Curiosity’s six aluminum wheels are about 20 inches (50 centimeters) in diameter and 16 inches (40 centimeters) wide. Each of the six wheels has its own drive motor, and the four corner wheels also have steering motors.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Curious Wheels

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Curiosity took this image on 16 April 2016, Sol 1313 of the Mars Science Laboratory Mission, at 08:18:49 UTC.

We’ve been keeping an eye on the wheels for a couple of years now due to the wear they show. The MSL mission team is also keeping watch and planning some of the drives with potential for further damage in mind. It looks like their efforts are working because the damage doesn’t look any worse than it was at least from what we see here.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Martian Dust Devil

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The rover Opportunity looks back at its tracks leading up the north-facing slope of “Knudsen Ridge,” which forms part of the southern edge of “Marathon Valley” and saw the very well formed dust devil.  Click the image for a larger version.

Opportunity took the image using its navigation camera (Navcam) on March 31, 2016, during the 4,332nd Sol (Martian day).

Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech

 

Knudsen Ridge

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The Mars rover Opportunity used it’s PanCam to take this picture, actually a series of images taken on 29 and 30 October 2014 which is the 4,182nd and 4,183rd Martian day (sol) on Mars!  The view is of Knudsen Ridge on the southern edge of the Marathon Valley.

By February 2016, the rover ascended slopes of about 30 degrees onto the flank of Knudsen Ridge, headed for targets of “red zone” material to examine there.  A 30 degree slope, pretty good for the old rover.

Marathon Valley cuts generally east-west through the western rim of Endeavour Crater. The valley’s name refers to the distance Opportunity drove from its 2004 landing site to arrival at this location in 2014. The valley was a high-priority destination for the rover mission because observations from orbit detected clay minerals there.

By the way, Knudsen Ridge is an informal name chosen by the Opportunity science team to honor the memory of Danish astrophysicist and planetary scientist Jens Martin Knudsen (1930-2005), a founding member of the team.

Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell Univ./Arizona State Univ.

Selfie Time

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Another of Curiosity selfie, this one combines 57 images taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera at the end of Curiosity’s arm on Jan. 19. The image was taken in part of the Bagnold Dune Field, which lines the northwestern flank of Mars’ Mount Sharp.

Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS