The SPHERE instrument was recently installed on the VLT at ESO’s Paranal Observatory. The Spectro-Polarimetric High-contrast Exoplanet REsearch instrument or SPHERE for short was installed on Unit Telescope 3 of the VLT.
SPHERE is a very sophisticated instrument designed to spot exo-planets by direct imaging. SHPERE will have the ability to block out the central part of a given star to reduce its contribution. To make this very basic, the light coming from stars (including our sun) is not polarized but when that light is reflected off an exo-planet it becomes at least partially polarized and SHPERE can pick out the polarized signal. For a bit more detailed explanation look here.
Some of the sharpest images ever made with ESO’s Very Large Telescope have for the first time revealed what appears to be an ageing star in the early stages of forming a butterfly-like planetary nebula. The observations of the red giant star L2 Puppis from the ZIMPOL mode of the newly installed SPHERE instrument are combined here with infrared data from NACO, also on the VLT, which shows a dust loop deployed on the far side of the upper part of the nebula. The dying stages of the lives of stars continue to pose many riddles for astronomers.