This image is the Earth and Moon as seen from the planet Mercury! The MESSENGER spacecraft took a series of images of the Earth – Moon system on 08 Oct and if you click the image you will see another image beside this one showing the moon during the lunar eclipse!
A bit anticlimactic? You need to watch the animation. Pretty amazing!
MESSENGER was 107 million kilometers (66 million miles) from the Earth at the time of the lunar eclipse. The Earth is about 5 pixels across and the Moon is just over 1 pixel across in the field of view of the NAC, with about 40 pixels distance between them. The images are zoomed by a factor of two and the Moon’s brightness has been increased by a factor of about 25 to show its disappearance more clearly.
Date acquired: October 8, 2014
Instrument: Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)